To die at the age of 26 and across the centuries to keep on occupying an honorable place in the history of the music is a little that it is only within reach of a genius. Giovanni Battista Pergolesi it was. His Stabat mater for feminine voices proves it; also some of his comical operas, with which it turned into one of the most important figures of the early history of this genre. In last century studies worthy of gratitude have been done on his life and his work. Although it worked of equal way the opera would be like the comic, it is in the latter subgenre in which he stood out, especially in the interval The serva padrona.
Mozart is considered to be the biggest genius of the music of all the times. With his short life, of only 35 years, it cultivated with excellence all the genres, from the sacred and choral music up to the opera, happening for the symphony and the chamber music, representing along with Haydn and Beethoven the summit of the musical classicism. Still being a child, it showed his interpretive and creative skills in France, England, Holland, as well as in the principal Austrian and German cities. His prolific catalog realizes of more than 600 works, which it began composing at the age of six.
Composer and violinist of Italian origin. His talent and his appearance gave him reputation of "diabolical", but the public and the musicians were idolizing it. Paganini extended the interpretive possibilities of the violin by means of special fingerings and positions much advanced in the diapason, and ended with the myths of the need for certain physical conditions for the execution of the instrument. Due to his skill and an extreme personal magnetism, Paganini was not only the most famous virtuoso of the violin, but also, the first one in demonstrating the transcendency of the virtuosity as an element in the art.
Revealing a precociousness mozartiana like pianist and composer, Camille Saint-Saëns was a whiz kid, of humble family, who during his career studied with several teachers. Prix de Rome tried to win two times and it failed. He studied composition with Halévy and gained an award with his Ode to Santa Cecilia. There came to his organ concerts in the church of the Madelaine personages of the size of Clara Schumann, Pablo de Sarasate or Anthony Rubinstein. Also he was a soloist and he realized long tours in which he was executing his own piano concerts and even was directing its own works for band.
Vincenzo Bellini forms with Rossini and Donizetti the triumvirate that glistens in the sky of the operatic bel canto; at the same time it is the romantic most authentic of Italy. The best works of Bellini, as those of his rival Donizetti, for not speaking about the third teacher of the triumvirate, belong to the international repertoire. Although there are things that have lost sheen, any of his most beautiful melodies cannot become extinct, as the sheen of a diamond does not become extinct. Bellini was possessing the wonderful gift of the pure melody, one of the rarest gifts of the inspiration. He could place his best melodies so perfectly in the human gullet that every authentic singer wants to interpret them.
The life and the creation of Kurt Weill splits into two clearly differentiated periods: "Europe" and "North America" might be entitled. The composer born in Dessau on March 2, 1900, studied with Humperdinck, received decisive Busoni suggestions, turned into conductor and at the age of 26 it was firstly successful. The premiere of his opera Der Protagonist took place in Berlin on March 27, 1926. Weill died in New York on April 3, 1950. Some time after something inconceivable happened: his Dreigroschenoper, the Opera of four quarters, appeared in one of the big theaters of Broadway and it was represented 2.611 times.
He was the principal representative of the birth and consecration of the operetta in his multiple variants. Of child he stood out in the interpretation of the violin and the violoncello, therefore his father decided to lead it to studying the Conservatory of Paris. He tried to adapt himself to the rigid curriculum imposed by Cherubini, but soon it left it for the director's employment of the Opera Comique. It achieved the reputation in the Second Empire of Napoleón III and his name remained forever linked to the boisterous comical theater of Paris.
Weber, whom one of the pioneers is necessary to consider of the German and romantic opera, was born in Eutin, Oldenburgo, on November 18, 1786. Although only Der Freischütz could conquer a place in the operatic repertoire, the figure of Weber has an enormous importance in the history of the German theatrical music. His popular inspiration, his way of writing simple and direct, his tender melodies and the healthy romanticism that characterize it, together with the technical mastery, which appears especially in the instrumentation, have assured a fixed place to him between the big ones of the history of the music.
There was no another composer who was devoting himself in such an exclusive way to the piano as born Frédéric Chopin on March 1, 1810, in Zelazowa Wola, close to Warsaw, Poland. The initial compases of his Military Polonaise were executed frequently by Radio Warsaw to raise the spirit of the nation while Hitler's army was coming closer to the capital. When the radio station was silenced, on the 1st of September, 1939, the people understood that his country again had fallen down in the captivity.
Dimitri Shostakovich, born on September 25, 1906 in Saint Petersburg, turned into one of three big Russian composers of his generation and there became one of the most important and indisputable teachers in the decades that continued to the Second World war. His inspiration, which never stopped, allowed him to create an almost incredible number of works. It was capable of using popular motives of a simple and penetrating way, but also of accumulating disharmony and treating the rigorous polyphony and the jazz.
The Wagner life, written thousands of times, is full of the highest dramatism and is one of the richest in events of the history of the music. The composer born in Leipzig on May 22, 1813, hesitated in his youth between the literature and the music. The work of his life should represent an union of both arts, possibly the union of music and word more perfect that is known. His inclination towards the music did not wake up up to knowing the works of Weber and Beethoven. After a life lax and invested in the game and the women, he married and traveled to Paris and then to Dresden, where his work was recognized.
Composer of Ukrainian origin, of neoclassic inspiration. Although after the Revolution he went into exile in the United States, later it returned to the Soviet Union where it was an object of the maximum honors and represented the highest ideals of the Soviet art, to lose his privileges for his support to a work of Muradeli criticized by the Stalinist official nature. The cultural policy qualified the work of Prokofiev like "decadent formalism". Like reply, it composed works of support to the communist ideal, which cost him the securing of the Award Stalin in 1951.
On February 17, 1653: Arcangelo Corelli, musician and Italian composer is born. Grosso contributed to the crystallization of the concerto. Author of numerous instrumental works (Concert of Christmas, The Follia, sonatas), father of the sonata for violin and inspirer of a group of composers of this instrument like Varacini, Germiniani and Viotti.
On February 13, 1883: Richard Wagner dies in Venice. Composer of German origin, renovator of the romantic opera. His inclination towards the music did not wake up up to knowing the works of Weber and Beethoven. After a life lax and invested in the game and the women, he married and traveled to Paris and then to Dresden, where his work was recognized. The transfer of his remains was comparable to the funeral procession of a big sovereign one.
On February 13, 1976: the soprano Lily Pons dies. A voice crystalline and extended towards the sharp one, joined a graceful figure and personal friendliness, they constitute the props of the formidable success of Lily Pons. An exceeded publicity helped to do of her almost a sacred monster of the singing; so much it was so in the decade of '40 went so far as to consider her to be the best singer of the world.
On February 12, 1924: there is released "Rhapsody In Blue" of George Gershwin. Gershwin managed to unite in this work three fundamental elements of the music of his country: the piano popular tradition, the harmonic treatment of the music of the theater of varieties and all the ambience of the African American blues.
On February 10, 1881: I release in Paris of "The Stories of Hoffmann" of Jacques Offenbach. The opera is an adaptation of Jules Barbier and Michel Carré of several stories of writer Ernst T.A. Hoffmann. The first one takes place with a mechanical doll, the second one with the victim of the conjuration of a magician, and the third one with a moribund sick person. The history begins with a prologue ambientado in a bar.
"The director does not have physical contact with the music that his instrumentalists produce and at most he can correct the phrasing or the rhythm of the score but his gesture does not exist if it does not find a band that is receiving"
"It would give everything what I have as a little of the genius that Schubert needed to compose his Ave Maria"
"When the work turns out to be a success, when a problem has been solved, we forget the difficulties and the perturbations and feel richly rewarded"
"When one is inspired by something good, the musician is born fluently, the melodies sprout; really this is a big satisfaction"
"With the help and the God's grace, I will be a Mozart in the composition and a Liszt in the skill"
Piazzolla represents one of the rarest cases in which an author is unrolled of extraordinary form so much in the world of the popular music, with his tangos of Buenos Aires, as in that of the refined or classic music. Called symphonic tango created a new genre renewing this way of decisive form the tango. If it is considered that the work of Piazzolla begins in 1946 with The desbande and concludes in 1990, with Him grand tango and with Five tango sensations, that the same year records with the quartet of ropes Kronos, it is deduced that it covers 46 years, space in which it produced not less than eight hundred works.
Carlos Gardel is perhaps the biggest myth of the Argentina. His artistic skill, his incomparable talent as singer of the suburbs of Buenos Aires, his musical instinct to compose some of the biggest tangos of all the times, his marvelous character, his fanaticism for the careers, have led him to being equalled perhaps only by another legend of the country of the south of the Silver: Eva Perón. Nevertheless, while all political activity can be worth of objections, comments and mistrust on the part of certain sectors of the population, the figure of Carlos Gardel is erected as universally for all the Argentinians and the followers of the tango across the world.
The music and the dance of the River Plate came to the margins of the Seine more than one century ago, seducing the French, but Juan José Mosalini lives through the tango now a real explosion in France, of the hand of some of his contemporary teachers, like the bandoneonista. In an interview with the AFP in Paris, before traveling to Argentina, where it will offer two concerts, and from which it will set off then in the direction of China, Mosalini evoked "passionate and unconditional" relation between Paris and the tango and between he and the bandoneón, which came to his hands when it was a chiquilín.
75 anniversary of the death of the singer and tanguista Carlos Gardel will lead XXII edition of the International Festival of Tango of Granada, which also will organize several parallel activities between which there are holidays of trasnoche, tango in the university or an exhibition. Between the artists who will take part in three forms of the festival - dance, set of instruments and sung - there is Leo Sujatovich, Cristian Zárate and the Japanese couple of dance Kyoto and Hiros Yamao.
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