Rienzi occupied Wagner his last two years as conductor in Riga (1837-1839); first he wrote the finished libretto, then wide sketches of the first two acts. Then the "flight" came for the Baltic towards England and Paris. There it finished the work, in 1840. The premiere of Rienzi, celebrated in Dresden on October 20, 1842, was the first Wagner victory. A new life was opened before him after the bitter years of Paris, of that interlude of six years like composer who was employed of the first conductor at the Opera of Dresden.
On October 01, 1787 Mozart goes out with Constance towards Prague, taking almost all the work of made Don Giovanni, because the premiere was foreseen for fifteen days later, although in the end, it was postponed up to 29 of the same month. Again there takes place the admiration, the surprise and the success. On May 07, 1788 the premiere of Don Giovanni took place finally in Vienna, with a success much minor than the one that it obtained in Prague.
Puccini read the Prévost novel at the beginning of 1890 and decided immediately to make him musical. It was employed at her for two years, it sets off in Vacallo (a Swiss village close to Chiasso), sets off in Milan, in Lucca, and finally in Tower of the Lake. The premiere took place in the Theater Reggio of Turin on the first of February, 1893 and it was a sweeping success. The soft, sensual melody and that upsets the heart, which then one will consider "typically pucciniana", it appears already in this work with all his force.
The biggest desire of Dvorak was to reach a round success with an opera, perhaps to go so far as to write authentic popular operas, like Verdi. From May until November, 1900 it was employed at this one, which should be his best dramatic work and which a place deserves between the best operas of all the countries. The Rusalka premiere took place on March 31, 1901 in the National theater of Prague; the test of the popularity that it has had in his country is that in 1946 there were 500 representations (quantity only overcome by two operas of Smetana, The sold fiancée and The kiss). Abroad it is slightly well-known, but there where conquest represents the hearts.
The pearls fishermen September 30, 1863 was not very successful, in spite of his exotic ambience. Only Berlioz admitted that there was there "a considerable quantity of compositions beautiful and expressive, full of vigor and of rich coloring". The big singers took charge of the principal roles in later date; the interpretation of Caruso of the personage of Nadir is up to unforgettable today. Some isolated numbers have become acquaintances in the whole world by means of the disc, the radio, etc., but the interpretations of the finished work are rare. Bizet is still here in his beginning.
Greek passion, his last work of big dimensions, places Martinu between the composers most emphasized from his generation not only for the touching lyricism of some scenes, but also for the impressive dramatism of others. Two years after the death of the composer and four after that of the author of the original novel Nikos Kazantzakis, the premiere of Greek Passion was a worth funeral for two big creators of our time. It took place in Zurick, in German, on June 9, 1961.
Nabucco was the first decisive success of Verdi. His melodies, armonías and rhythms link still clearly to Donizetti, they are simple in structure, but of an undeniably strong dramatic effect. Every note seems to have an authentic theatrical blood that he fills with enthusiasm in an irresistible way. On March 09, 1842 it was released triumphally in the Scala of Milan. The melody of the choir "Goes pensiero", that arose first of all, turned into the song of entreaty and combat of all the Italian patriots who were identifying with the Hebrew people at his most difficult hour and were straining for be liberating of the foreign domination.
Verdi provided to this opera of a series of magnificent compositions. The big French opera was demanding showy scenes of masses, brilliant festive acts, grand spectacle. Verdi had also a magisterial skill for that. Nevertheless, the scenes of interior action and of touching feelings are stronger and more beautiful. Here there beats the heart of Verdi, big and with deep human feelings. The most brilliant piece of the score is the aria for down Procida, in which this one expresses his nostalgia of the homeland, «Or your Palermo, térra adore it».
Wagner had the idea of composing already The main singers of Nuremberg in 1845, when it was in Marienbad. Meanwhile many other things happened: Lohengrin, a the majority of The ring of the Nibelungo, Tristán and Isolda. In spite of everything, Wagner already mentions the plan when in 1851 he publishes in Zurick Eine Mitteilung an meine Freunde. The premiere took place in the Hoftheater of Munich, by order of king Luis II, on June 21, 1868, under the guidance of Hans von Bülow. The theater ofrendó to Wagner the biggest applause of his life.
After Weber was receiving from London, in 1822, the order of composing an opera, order that could not expire because it was occupied in the Euryanthe composition, the director of the theater of Covent Carden, two years later, it spoke again to him and proposed to him the topic of Magnificence or of Oberón. Weber accepted the last one and obtained the operatic text of the librettist Planché, who was sending his act for act; Weber made him musical in English language, but continuous attacks of weakness, which were denoting his dangerous state of health, they were forcing him to interrupt the work. In London it finished the score and composed the overture on April 9, 1826, three days before the premiere in Covent Garden.
L'incoronazione say that Poppea is the last work of Monteverdi for the scene. His premiere took place in the Theater Grimano of Venice in the autumn 1642. Also this work was considered to be lost for several centuries: it was re-discovered in 1888 by Taddeo Wiel. The composer reaches with this work not only the climax of his career, but it gives form also to a musical drama that believes the transit of the Florentine opera, consisted almost exclusively of recitatives and arias, to the baroque opera, with his big arias full of passion.
Johann Strauss composed with The bat his masterpiece. Every musical number turned into a big success. The only doubt that might appear is the genre to which this work belongs. First of all, to the comical opera, which comes closer in many points the operetta, the Spanish operetta and the comedy. Anyone that is the genre in which The bat is located, is the culmination of the operetta. Rebosa humor and ingenuity, energy and happiness of living.
On February 17, 1653: Arcangelo Corelli, musician and Italian composer is born. Grosso contributed to the crystallization of the concerto. Author of numerous instrumental works (Concert of Christmas, The Follia, sonatas), father of the sonata for violin and inspirer of a group of composers of this instrument like Varacini, Germiniani and Viotti.
On February 13, 1883: Richard Wagner dies in Venice. Composer of German origin, renovator of the romantic opera. His inclination towards the music did not wake up up to knowing the works of Weber and Beethoven. After a life lax and invested in the game and the women, he married and traveled to Paris and then to Dresden, where his work was recognized. The transfer of his remains was comparable to the funeral procession of a big sovereign one.
On February 13, 1976: the soprano Lily Pons dies. A voice crystalline and extended towards the sharp one, joined a graceful figure and personal friendliness, they constitute the props of the formidable success of Lily Pons. An exceeded publicity helped to do of her almost a sacred monster of the singing; so much it was so in the decade of '40 went so far as to consider her to be the best singer of the world.
On February 12, 1924: there is released "Rhapsody In Blue" of George Gershwin. Gershwin managed to unite in this work three fundamental elements of the music of his country: the piano popular tradition, the harmonic treatment of the music of the theater of varieties and all the ambience of the African American blues.
On February 10, 1881: I release in Paris of "The Stories of Hoffmann" of Jacques Offenbach. The opera is an adaptation of Jules Barbier and Michel Carré of several stories of writer Ernst T.A. Hoffmann. The first one takes place with a mechanical doll, the second one with the victim of the conjuration of a magician, and the third one with a moribund sick person. The history begins with a prologue ambientado in a bar.
"The director does not have physical contact with the music that his instrumentalists produce and at most he can correct the phrasing or the rhythm of the score but his gesture does not exist if it does not find a band that is receiving"
"It would give everything what I have as a little of the genius that Schubert needed to compose his Ave Maria"
"When the work turns out to be a success, when a problem has been solved, we forget the difficulties and the perturbations and feel richly rewarded"
"When one is inspired by something good, the musician is born fluently, the melodies sprout; really this is a big satisfaction"
"With the help and the God's grace, I will be a Mozart in the composition and a Liszt in the skill"
Piazzolla represents one of the rarest cases in which an author is unrolled of extraordinary form so much in the world of the popular music, with his tangos of Buenos Aires, as in that of the refined or classic music. Called symphonic tango created a new genre renewing this way of decisive form the tango. If it is considered that the work of Piazzolla begins in 1946 with The desbande and concludes in 1990, with Him grand tango and with Five tango sensations, that the same year records with the quartet of ropes Kronos, it is deduced that it covers 46 years, space in which it produced not less than eight hundred works.
Carlos Gardel is perhaps the biggest myth of the Argentina. His artistic skill, his incomparable talent as singer of the suburbs of Buenos Aires, his musical instinct to compose some of the biggest tangos of all the times, his marvelous character, his fanaticism for the careers, have led him to being equalled perhaps only by another legend of the country of the south of the Silver: Eva Perón. Nevertheless, while all political activity can be worth of objections, comments and mistrust on the part of certain sectors of the population, the figure of Carlos Gardel is erected as universally for all the Argentinians and the followers of the tango across the world.
The music and the dance of the River Plate came to the margins of the Seine more than one century ago, seducing the French, but Juan José Mosalini lives through the tango now a real explosion in France, of the hand of some of his contemporary teachers, like the bandoneonista. In an interview with the AFP in Paris, before traveling to Argentina, where it will offer two concerts, and from which it will set off then in the direction of China, Mosalini evoked "passionate and unconditional" relation between Paris and the tango and between he and the bandoneón, which came to his hands when it was a chiquilín.
75 anniversary of the death of the singer and tanguista Carlos Gardel will lead XXII edition of the International Festival of Tango of Granada, which also will organize several parallel activities between which there are holidays of trasnoche, tango in the university or an exhibition. Between the artists who will take part in three forms of the festival - dance, set of instruments and sung - there is Leo Sujatovich, Cristian Zárate and the Japanese couple of dance Kyoto and Hiros Yamao.
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