On Wednesday, February 17, 2010

Classic and Opera | Instruments

Stradivarius and his secret

Stradivarius and his secret

The violins Stradivarius are the most valued musical instruments of the world. The investigator Colin Gough wrote on this matter a titled very documented article "Science and Stradivarius" in which it discards the existence of a secret in the composition of the varnish, therefore he thinks that the Science has not found yet a measurable property that serves to differentiate the violins of Cremona of the facts for expert current craftsmen.

The family of the wooden winds

The family of the wooden winds

In the wind instruments wood, the vibration of the air inside the pipe produces the sound. The length of the pipe determines the height of the sound. Although grouped in the group of wood, because in his origin they were constructed of wood; at present, some of these instruments are constructed in metal. Nevertheless, they keep on classifying inside the wood for his stamp and his typical sound.

The violin

The violin

It is the smallest of the stringed instruments. It has four ropes perfected by country houses of the sharp one to the serious one. It is not possible to establish with accuracy of what instrument the violin comes and if it is of European or Oriental origin, since the different theories that treat this topic are founded on simple hypotheses.

History of the piano: from Cristofori to Steinway

History of the piano: from Cristofori to Steinway

The piano of Bartolomeo Cristofori was the first one in possessing a mechanism system with hammer that could achieve so much strong sounds as soft. In 1711 Scipione Maffei describes one of the first pianos of Cristofori as one "harpiscordio with strong and soft"... In 1863 Heinrich Steinway designs and constructs the modern vertical piano with crossed ropes and only one harmonic table.

The family of the ropes

The family of the ropes

To make to vibrate a rope is one of the most ancient forms of producing a musical tone. The area projected by a rope is quite small and for it a vibrant rope does not produce a valuable movement of the air that surrounds it. For this reason, it is a custom to connect to the rope a soundbox, in order to increase the sonorous exit. The box receives the vibrations of the ropes across the support bridges, and later it transmits them to the air amplified.

History of the piano

History of the piano

From the antiquity up to the piano of Cristofori.
About the year 1695 an Italian called Bartolomeo Cristofori began to construct an instrument that, although basically it was of a species similar to the Clavichord and to the Harpiscordio, was including in the design of his mechanism a revolutionary concept.





Brief

  • On February 17, 1653: Arcangelo Corelli, musician and Italian composer is born. Grosso contributed to the crystallization of the concerto. Author of numerous instrumental works (Concert of Christmas, The Follia, sonatas), father of the sonata for violin and inspirer of a group of composers of this instrument like Varacini, Germiniani and Viotti.

  • On February 13, 1883: Richard Wagner dies in Venice. Composer of German origin, renovator of the romantic opera. His inclination towards the music did not wake up up to knowing the works of Weber and Beethoven. After a life lax and invested in the game and the women, he married and traveled to Paris and then to Dresden, where his work was recognized. The transfer of his remains was comparable to the funeral procession of a big sovereign one.

  • On February 13, 1976: the soprano Lily Pons dies. A voice crystalline and extended towards the sharp one, joined a graceful figure and personal friendliness, they constitute the props of the formidable success of Lily Pons. An exceeded publicity helped to do of her almost a sacred monster of the singing; so much it was so in the decade of '40 went so far as to consider her to be the best singer of the world.

  • On February 12, 1924: there is released "Rhapsody In Blue" of George Gershwin. Gershwin managed to unite in this work three fundamental elements of the music of his country: the piano popular tradition, the harmonic treatment of the music of the theater of varieties and all the ambience of the African American blues.

  • On February 10, 1881: I release in Paris of "The Stories of Hoffmann" of Jacques Offenbach. The opera is an adaptation of Jules Barbier and Michel Carré of several stories of writer Ernst T.A. Hoffmann. The first one takes place with a mechanical doll, the second one with the victim of the conjuration of a magician, and the third one with a moribund sick person. The history begins with a prologue ambientado in a bar.


Appointments

  • Daniel Barenboim
    "The director does not have physical contact with the music that his instrumentalists produce and at most he can correct the phrasing or the rhythm of the score but his gesture does not exist if it does not find a band that is receiving"

  • George Gershwin
    "It would give everything what I have as a little of the genius that Schubert needed to compose his Ave Maria"

  • Gustav Mahler
    "When the work turns out to be a success, when a problem has been solved, we forget the difficulties and the perturbations and feel richly rewarded"

  • Franz Schubert
    "When one is inspired by something good, the musician is born fluently, the melodies sprout; really this is a big satisfaction"

  • Bedrich Smetana
    "With the help and the God's grace, I will be a Mozart in the composition and a Liszt in the skill"

MULTIMEDIA

  • Quartet for ropes in re minor

    Franz Schubert

  • Falstaff

    Giuseppe Verdi

  • Overture The Hebrides

    Félix Mendelssohn

  • One bel I gave vedremo

    Mirella Freni (Madama Butterfly)

Interpreters

Musicians

Astor Piazzolla

Astor Piazzolla

Piazzolla represents one of the rarest cases in which an author is unrolled of extraordinary form so much in the world of the popular music, with his tangos of Buenos Aires, as in that of the refined or classic music. Called symphonic tango created a new genre renewing this way of decisive form the tango. If it is considered that the work of Piazzolla begins in 1946 with The desbande and concludes in 1990, with Him grand tango and with Five tango sensations, that the same year records with the quartet of ropes Kronos, it is deduced that it covers 46 years, space in which it produced not less than eight hundred works.

Voices

Carlos Gardel

Carlos Gardel

Carlos Gardel is perhaps the biggest myth of the Argentina. His artistic skill, his incomparable talent as singer of the suburbs of Buenos Aires, his musical instinct to compose some of the biggest tangos of all the times, his marvelous character, his fanaticism for the careers, have led him to being equalled perhaps only by another legend of the country of the south of the Silver: Eva Perón. Nevertheless, while all political activity can be worth of objections, comments and mistrust on the part of certain sectors of the population, the figure of Carlos Gardel is erected as universally for all the Argentinians and the followers of the tango across the world.

Paris, on February 16

Juan José Mosalini: the soul of the bandoneón beats in Paris

The music and the dance of the River Plate came to the margins of the Seine more than one century ago, seducing the French, but Juan José Mosalini lives through the tango now a real explosion in France, of the hand of some of his contemporary teachers, like the bandoneonista. In an interview with the AFP in Paris, before traveling to Argentina, where it will offer two concerts, and from which it will set off then in the direction of China, Mosalini evoked "passionate and unconditional" relation between Paris and the tango and between he and the bandoneón, which came to his hands when it was a chiquilín.

Granada, on February 16

International festival tango Granada dedicates his XXII edition to Carlos Gardel

75 anniversary of the death of the singer and tanguista Carlos Gardel will lead XXII edition of the International Festival of Tango of Granada, which also will organize several parallel activities between which there are holidays of trasnoche, tango in the university or an exhibition. Between the artists who will take part in three forms of the festival - dance, set of instruments and sung - there is Leo Sujatovich, Cristian Zárate and the Japanese couple of dance Kyoto and Hiros Yamao.

Letters

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