The most important figure of the dance of the second half of the XXth century and, without doubts, the most influential of the ballet dancers of last decades. Extrovert, bold man, talented, and proprietor of an impressive self-discipline, Rudolf Hametovich Nureyev raised the art of the ballet and gave him a piece of news masividad at the end of last century. Nureyev not only stood out from early in the dance but it turned into international news when at the age of 23 it retired in full tour, in Paris, the Ballet Kirov of Leningrad asking for political asylum and initiating an artistic career to the margin of the Soviet companies, in full Cold War
Deceased in 1983, the Russian George Balanchine is considered to be one of the biggest and influential choreographers of the history of the ballet; it developed in his maximum grade his neoclassic esthetics, which it provided to the academic language of a strong contemporaneity. Graduated in the School of the Imperial Theaters of Saint Petersburg and after his step along the Ballets Russes de Diaghilev, it came to the United States in the 30s, where it created the School of American Ballet and founded the New York City Ballet.
An inexhaustible inventiveness, a sharp smell, a diplomatic opportunism. There were these aspects of his personality those that, mostly, they assured to Marius Petipa the long one and fortunada career to the service of the Russian Imperial Theaters. Of many ballets that it contributed to the Theater Mariynski of Saint Petersburg and, to a lesser extent, to the Bolshoi of Moscow, some of them survive only few qualifications...
The National Ballet of Spain was created in 1978, being his first director Antonio Gades and since then he has been governed by important figures of the Spanish dance. At present, the ballet dancer and choreographer José Antonio directs the company, in which from 1986 to 1992 was already at the head of the artistic direction. Along his rich history the group has taken part in diverse festivals and has presented before itself in the best theaters of the world.
The National Ballet of Cuba is one of the most prestigious companies you would dance of the world. The artistic - technical rigor of his ballet dancers and the largeness in the esthetic conception of the choreographers, they grant to this group an excellent place between the big institutions of his genre in the international scene. His founder and director, Alice Alonso, is one of the most excellent personalities in the history of the dance and she constitutes the highest figure of the classic ballet in the Latin-American ambience.
The ballet is born like a spectacle that was including painting, poetry, music and dance. It took place in the Italian courts of the renaissance, principally for banquets and dances. The performance was based on the social dances of the epoch.
Marius Petipa was a tireless worker, of a prodigious inventiveness, to whom it would never have done to lose the sleep to have to mount in a little time a finished series of new numbers of dance. But his talent was not limiting itself only to these qualities of efficiency and productivity. His genius was residing, essentially, in the fact of having thought about the dance as pure declaration.
Maurice Béjart was born in the city of Marseilles, in the south of France, in 1927. His creations turned to the world, but the Béjart career was constructed from Belgium, where it directed his cast for 27 years, and then in Switzerland, from 1987 up to his death. In whole, it created approximately 140 choreographies, which express his taste for the trips and the crossbreeding. His creations mix the genres, the styles and the cultures. Anxious to transmit his art, it created schools in Brussels, Dakar and Lausanne. In parallel, he published novels, stage plays and memories books.
One of the figures most venerated in the world of the classic dance. Vaslav Nijinsky was born on February 28, 1890 in the city Kiev. His personality keeps on being a puzzler. Everything is subject to guesswork: if it was possessing a top intelligence or a light mental deficiency; if it was desafectivo and distantly or the father and affectionate husband that his wife Rómola described; if an elegant cosmopolitan or an unsociable, capricious adolescent. His famous newspapers have been considered to be both the product of an off balance mind and the expression of an illuminated spirit.
Born in Moscow in the year 1925 and nationalized Spaniard in 1993, Plisetskaya began in the world of the dance with only three years. In 1934 it joined the School of Dance of Moscow and at the age of 18 it graduated in the Choreographic School of the Big Theater Bolshoi of which it went on to be part months later, and in which she became the first ballerina. In this group it gave his first steps as professional interpreting The death of the swan.
It begins his dance lessons at the age of eight in his hometown of La Plata, and promptly Columbus of Buenos Aires enters to the Top Institute of Art of the Theater. In July, 1993, Columbus of Buenos Aires enters to the Theater, assuming the rolls of the First Ballet dancer. In March, 1995 invited by Anthony Dowel it joins Royal Ballet of London, where it realizes an excellent artistic career with international projection. In October, 2005, it is invited to join like Principal Guest Dancer of Dutch National Ballet (Holland).
Lorraine Feijoo, daring and energetic, dances on the coast west. Lorna Feijoo, graceful and elegant, dances on the east coast. Despite his artistic differences, both sisters characterize the style and preparation of the National Ballet of Cuba, which has reached fame for there produced some of the ballet dancers most talented and looked today.
On February 17, 1653: Arcangelo Corelli, musician and Italian composer is born. Grosso contributed to the crystallization of the concerto. Author of numerous instrumental works (Concert of Christmas, The Follia, sonatas), father of the sonata for violin and inspirer of a group of composers of this instrument like Varacini, Germiniani and Viotti.
On February 13, 1883: Richard Wagner dies in Venice. Composer of German origin, renovator of the romantic opera. His inclination towards the music did not wake up up to knowing the works of Weber and Beethoven. After a life lax and invested in the game and the women, he married and traveled to Paris and then to Dresden, where his work was recognized. The transfer of his remains was comparable to the funeral procession of a big sovereign one.
On February 13, 1976: the soprano Lily Pons dies. A voice crystalline and extended towards the sharp one, joined a graceful figure and personal friendliness, they constitute the props of the formidable success of Lily Pons. An exceeded publicity helped to do of her almost a sacred monster of the singing; so much it was so in the decade of '40 went so far as to consider her to be the best singer of the world.
On February 12, 1924: there is released "Rhapsody In Blue" of George Gershwin. Gershwin managed to unite in this work three fundamental elements of the music of his country: the piano popular tradition, the harmonic treatment of the music of the theater of varieties and all the ambience of the African American blues.
On February 10, 1881: I release in Paris of "The Stories of Hoffmann" of Jacques Offenbach. The opera is an adaptation of Jules Barbier and Michel Carré of several stories of writer Ernst T.A. Hoffmann. The first one takes place with a mechanical doll, the second one with the victim of the conjuration of a magician, and the third one with a moribund sick person. The history begins with a prologue ambientado in a bar.
"The director does not have physical contact with the music that his instrumentalists produce and at most he can correct the phrasing or the rhythm of the score but his gesture does not exist if it does not find a band that is receiving"
"It would give everything what I have as a little of the genius that Schubert needed to compose his Ave Maria"
"When the work turns out to be a success, when a problem has been solved, we forget the difficulties and the perturbations and feel richly rewarded"
"When one is inspired by something good, the musician is born fluently, the melodies sprout; really this is a big satisfaction"
"With the help and the God's grace, I will be a Mozart in the composition and a Liszt in the skill"
Piazzolla represents one of the rarest cases in which an author is unrolled of extraordinary form so much in the world of the popular music, with his tangos of Buenos Aires, as in that of the refined or classic music. Called symphonic tango created a new genre renewing this way of decisive form the tango. If it is considered that the work of Piazzolla begins in 1946 with The desbande and concludes in 1990, with Him grand tango and with Five tango sensations, that the same year records with the quartet of ropes Kronos, it is deduced that it covers 46 years, space in which it produced not less than eight hundred works.
Carlos Gardel is perhaps the biggest myth of the Argentina. His artistic skill, his incomparable talent as singer of the suburbs of Buenos Aires, his musical instinct to compose some of the biggest tangos of all the times, his marvelous character, his fanaticism for the careers, have led him to being equalled perhaps only by another legend of the country of the south of the Silver: Eva Perón. Nevertheless, while all political activity can be worth of objections, comments and mistrust on the part of certain sectors of the population, the figure of Carlos Gardel is erected as universally for all the Argentinians and the followers of the tango across the world.
The music and the dance of the River Plate came to the margins of the Seine more than one century ago, seducing the French, but Juan José Mosalini lives through the tango now a real explosion in France, of the hand of some of his contemporary teachers, like the bandoneonista. In an interview with the AFP in Paris, before traveling to Argentina, where it will offer two concerts, and from which it will set off then in the direction of China, Mosalini evoked "passionate and unconditional" relation between Paris and the tango and between he and the bandoneón, which came to his hands when it was a chiquilín.
75 anniversary of the death of the singer and tanguista Carlos Gardel will lead XXII edition of the International Festival of Tango of Granada, which also will organize several parallel activities between which there are holidays of trasnoche, tango in the university or an exhibition. Between the artists who will take part in three forms of the festival - dance, set of instruments and sung - there is Leo Sujatovich, Cristian Zárate and the Japanese couple of dance Kyoto and Hiros Yamao.
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