On Wednesday, February 17, 2010

Interpreters | the Directors

André Previn

André Previn

Previn is one of the most well-known and versatile musicians of our time. It is famous like the director of the principal bands of the world, like composer of prize-winning orchestral works, of camera, scenic and for the movies, like pianist of chamber music and of jazz, like prolific record artist or like producer of television programs. 45 years ago André Previn had already reached everything of what a musical whiz kid dreams in the United States. With four awards Oscar and nine nominations for his sound-tracks, Hollywood had filled with awards the pianist, composer and genius of the study.

Arturo Toscanini

Arturo Toscanini

Energy, impetuosity, inflexibility, perfectionism and self-criticism were some aspects of his personality. Arturo Toscanini has been the most famous conductor of the XXth century and for forty years of his life, a living legend. The resonances that his personality was creating overcame fully the ambience of the music to project it to a plane where he was sharing prestige and honors with public figures like Charles Chaplin, Albert Schweitzer, Pablo Picasso, Georges Bernard Shaw or Winston Churchill.

John Eliot Gardiner

John Eliot Gardiner

Considered one of the directors more enthusiasts and versatile of our time and a key figure in the recovery of the ancient music, Sir John Eliot Gardiner has demonstrated tenaciously against the prevailing orthodoxy across his particular combination of erudition and inspired mastery. In parallel with the activities with his musical formations, Gardiner also presents himself often as the director invited all over the world.

James Levine

James Levine

James Levine has been transcendent in the golden stage for which Metropolitan Opera of New York happens. The director made debut in this stage in 1971, turned into his principal driver in 1973, into his musical director in 1976 and into his artistic director (the first one in the history of the company) in 1986. During this period in the Met, Levine has led to his choir and never orchestrates at a level of achievements, excellence and public recognition earlier I dress.

Federico García Vigil

Federico García Vigil

He was born in Montevideo. It began his piano studies in Conservatory Guillermo Kolischer; he studied harmony, composition and orchestration with Fabio Landa, Jiri Bortlichek and Charles Schwartz respectively. It was awarded a scholarship to study in Buenos Aires with Simón Blech and the Embassy of France in Uruguay invited it to continue studies in the Conservatory of Strasbourg with Jean-Sebastian Bereau and in the University of Paris with Pierre Stoll. German and Briton was invited by the governments to continue his formation in these countries.

Franz-Paul Decker

Franz-Paul Decker

Franz-Paul Decker, was born in Cologne (Germany), where he studied in the Higher institute of learning of Music. At the age of twenty-two, it made debut like the director in the Opera of his hometown. After four years as the musical director in Krefeld, it was the first Staatskapellmeister of the Opera of Wiesbaden, the director of the Symphonic Band of the same city and the musical director in Bochum. In 1967, it happened to Zubin Mehta as the director of the Symphonic one of Montreal.

José Maria Ulla

José Maria Ulla

The current titular Director of the Municipal Symphonic Band of Mar del Plata. He was born in the city of Santa Fe, Argentina in the year 1962. It initiated his musical formation at the age of 8 years. It realized then top studies in the Top Institute of Music of the National University of the Coast, from which it went away with the qualifications of National Teacher of Music with specialty in Harmony and Counterpoint and National Teacher of Music with specialty in Choral Direction, in 1985.

Rafael Kubelík

Rafael Kubelík

The composer, violinist and conductor, Rafael Kubelík, is considered to be the most out-standing Czech musician of the epoch of postwar period and one of the extraordinary promoters of the Czech music in the world. In the middle of the 80 he decided to finish his artistic career for health reasons, spending most of the time in California, the USA, devoting itself to his favorite activity, the composition. In 1990 there was granted him the title of "honorary doctor" of the University Carolina de Praga, and one year later it was rewarded by the order of Tomas Garrique Masaryk.

Dimitri Mitropoulos

Dimitri Mitropoulos

The director and composer Dimitri Mitropoulos was born in the bosom of a Greek family. Mitropoulos had a fabulous memory and without importing the complicated of the music it was never using the score, not even in the essays. Neither he was using baton and was gesticulating grandly paying powerfully the attention of the public.

Pedro Ignacio Calderón

Pedro Ignacio Calderón

He was born in Parana, Between Rivers. It studied his studies in his hometown, in Buenos Aires and in Rome. It had between his teachers Vincenzo Scaramuzza, Alberto Ginastera, Hermann Scherchen and Fernando Previtali. During 1992 and 1993, it got out of debt like the Director of the Stable Band of the Theater Columbus, of which also he was a General and Artistic Manager repeatedly. At present, he is the Director Titular of the National Symphonic Band, with which there has tackled numerous tours along the Argentina and the foreigner, the most recent of them for Japan and the United States.

Rossen Milanov

Rossen Milanov

The Bulgarian conductor Rossen Milanov realized concerts and tours with the Band of Chamber Saint Paul, the symphonic ones of Baltimore, Colorado, Indianápolis, Omaha, New World, the Band of Chamber of Cincinnati, the Center of Opera of Juilliard and the Theater of Opera You Tan. He was the musical Director of the Symphonic Juvenile one of Chicago between 1997 and 2001, he took part in the Festival Tanglewood and Interlochen Arts Festival, between others. From 2003, he is the principal Director of the Symphonic Band of the National Radio of Bulgaria.

Sir George Solti

Sir George Solti

He studied piano and composition with Ernst von Dohnanyi, Zoltan Kodaly and Bela Bartok in the Academy Liszt of Budapest. It offered his first concert as pianist at the age of twelve and began to be employed like assistant at the Opera of Budapest in 1930, happening to be the musical director from 1934 until 1939. Solti provoked big impact across his numerous recordings. His knowledge of the possibilities of the disc and his musical talent drove to successful recordings that have been recognized by numerous European and American awards.


More Notes
Franz-Paul Decker
Sir George Solti
Carlos Vieu
Leopold Stokowski

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Brief

  • On February 17, 1653: Arcangelo Corelli, musician and Italian composer is born. Grosso contributed to the crystallization of the concerto. Author of numerous instrumental works (Concert of Christmas, The Follia, sonatas), father of the sonata for violin and inspirer of a group of composers of this instrument like Varacini, Germiniani and Viotti.

  • On February 13, 1883: Richard Wagner dies in Venice. Composer of German origin, renovator of the romantic opera. His inclination towards the music did not wake up up to knowing the works of Weber and Beethoven. After a life lax and invested in the game and the women, he married and traveled to Paris and then to Dresden, where his work was recognized. The transfer of his remains was comparable to the funeral procession of a big sovereign one.

  • On February 13, 1976: the soprano Lily Pons dies. A voice crystalline and extended towards the sharp one, joined a graceful figure and personal friendliness, they constitute the props of the formidable success of Lily Pons. An exceeded publicity helped to do of her almost a sacred monster of the singing; so much it was so in the decade of '40 went so far as to consider her to be the best singer of the world.

  • On February 12, 1924: there is released "Rhapsody In Blue" of George Gershwin. Gershwin managed to unite in this work three fundamental elements of the music of his country: the piano popular tradition, the harmonic treatment of the music of the theater of varieties and all the ambience of the African American blues.

  • On February 10, 1881: I release in Paris of "The Stories of Hoffmann" of Jacques Offenbach. The opera is an adaptation of Jules Barbier and Michel Carré of several stories of writer Ernst T.A. Hoffmann. The first one takes place with a mechanical doll, the second one with the victim of the conjuration of a magician, and the third one with a moribund sick person. The history begins with a prologue ambientado in a bar.


Appointments

  • Daniel Barenboim
    "The director does not have physical contact with the music that his instrumentalists produce and at most he can correct the phrasing or the rhythm of the score but his gesture does not exist if it does not find a band that is receiving"

  • George Gershwin
    "It would give everything what I have as a little of the genius that Schubert needed to compose his Ave Maria"

  • Gustav Mahler
    "When the work turns out to be a success, when a problem has been solved, we forget the difficulties and the perturbations and feel richly rewarded"

  • Franz Schubert
    "When one is inspired by something good, the musician is born fluently, the melodies sprout; really this is a big satisfaction"

  • Bedrich Smetana
    "With the help and the God's grace, I will be a Mozart in the composition and a Liszt in the skill"

MULTIMEDIA

  • Symphony 9 "Coral"

    Ludvig van Beethoven

  • Big it gave! Oh of verd'anni miei

    Dmitri Hvorostovsky (Ernani)

  • Alleluja

    Kathleen Battle

  • Mamma quel came and generously

    Giuseppe Giacomini (Turiddu)

Interpreters

Musicians

Astor Piazzolla

Astor Piazzolla

Piazzolla represents one of the rarest cases in which an author is unrolled of extraordinary form so much in the world of the popular music, with his tangos of Buenos Aires, as in that of the refined or classic music. Called symphonic tango created a new genre renewing this way of decisive form the tango. If it is considered that the work of Piazzolla begins in 1946 with The desbande and concludes in 1990, with Him grand tango and with Five tango sensations, that the same year records with the quartet of ropes Kronos, it is deduced that it covers 46 years, space in which it produced not less than eight hundred works.

Voices

Carlos Gardel

Carlos Gardel

Carlos Gardel is perhaps the biggest myth of the Argentina. His artistic skill, his incomparable talent as singer of the suburbs of Buenos Aires, his musical instinct to compose some of the biggest tangos of all the times, his marvelous character, his fanaticism for the careers, have led him to being equalled perhaps only by another legend of the country of the south of the Silver: Eva Perón. Nevertheless, while all political activity can be worth of objections, comments and mistrust on the part of certain sectors of the population, the figure of Carlos Gardel is erected as universally for all the Argentinians and the followers of the tango across the world.

Paris, on February 16

Juan José Mosalini: the soul of the bandoneón beats in Paris

The music and the dance of the River Plate came to the margins of the Seine more than one century ago, seducing the French, but Juan José Mosalini lives through the tango now a real explosion in France, of the hand of some of his contemporary teachers, like the bandoneonista. In an interview with the AFP in Paris, before traveling to Argentina, where it will offer two concerts, and from which it will set off then in the direction of China, Mosalini evoked "passionate and unconditional" relation between Paris and the tango and between he and the bandoneón, which came to his hands when it was a chiquilín.

Granada, on February 16

International festival tango Granada dedicates his XXII edition to Carlos Gardel

75 anniversary of the death of the singer and tanguista Carlos Gardel will lead XXII edition of the International Festival of Tango of Granada, which also will organize several parallel activities between which there are holidays of trasnoche, tango in the university or an exhibition. Between the artists who will take part in three forms of the festival - dance, set of instruments and sung - there is Leo Sujatovich, Cristian Zárate and the Japanese couple of dance Kyoto and Hiros Yamao.

Letters

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