On Wednesday, February 17, 2010

Mozart

I sewed fan tutte

I sewed fan tutte

In Himself tutte fan, Lorenzo Da Ponte, again collaborator of Mozart, was much freer, because it did not depart from a stage play, but of something that, apparently, had happened in the sphere of the Viennese high society. Instigated by a confirmed bachelor, two young people decides to prove the loyalty of his fiancées, disguising itself and changing couple. In the space of one day and at the cost of a bet the unreliability of the young people is proved.

Don Giovanni

Don Giovanni

On October 1, 1787 Mozart goes out with Constance towards Prague, taking almost all the made work, because the premiere of "Don Giovanni" was foreseen for fifteen days later, although in the end, it was postponed up to 29 of the same month. Again there takes place the admiration, the surprise and the success. Seven months later, the work does not obtain in Vienna the success of Prague.

The Fígaro weddings

The Fígaro weddings

Mozart met his most important librettist at the baron's Wetzlar's, godfather's of his first son's. Lorenzo Da Ponte born in a people of the province of Venice, initiated an adventurous life after leaving the ecclesiastic career, going so far as to show the playwright's charge of the imperial court, in whose performance had written some librettos of little success, when he accepted the first order of Mozart: The Fígaro weddings.

Vienna: 1782-1783

Vienna: 1782-1783

Once married with Constance, Mozart had to come to all the works, the insurances and the insecure ones, and he was on the point of managing to teach of music the princess Elisabeth de Württemberg, if it had not been because the emperor preferred Antonio Salieri. Like that turns out to be for the first time in the life of Mozart this musician who has a more important role in the fable, in the legend mozartiana, than in the history of the music.

The last concert for piano

The last concert for piano

Those who write on Mozart incline to characterize the K. 595 as a concert of farewell. Alfred Einstein, for example, calls it his "confession... of that the life had lost attraction for him". Einstein also mentions a "fortitude of resignation" and "the depths of the sadness" and believes that the music of the end of "given up joviality... comes from knowing that this is last spring"...

Einstein and Mozart: two geniuses joined across a violin

Einstein and Mozart: two geniuses joined across a violin

As well as the escapades of Mozart scandalized his contemporaries, Albert Einstein took in his youth a life significantly Bohemian. His studied indifference to the clothes and to his dishevelled dark long hair, together with his love for the music and the philosophy, they were making it more similar to a poet than to a scientist. Einstein also was coinciding with the aptitude of Mozart to compose magnificent music...

1788 - 1789

1788 - 1789

In the summer 1788, and in the short space of two months, Mozart composes the symphonies 39, 40 and 41. Of course he would think to offer them in the following period, his economic situation like that was demanding it, although the things should happen otherwise. They have been qualified of «symphonic testament» and one has affirmed, to load the inks, that Mozart never went so far as to hear them.

I triumph in Prague and Leopoldo's death

I triumph in Prague and Leopoldo's death

On January 8, 1787, Wolfgang goes out with Constance towards the Bohemian capital, where on the 17th it could see his opera "The weddings of Fígaro" and receive the applause of the public. Three days later he directed the representation himself. The wedding success in Prague was much major than that of Vienna, it was represented almost without interruption during the whole winter and became so popular that arrangements were done for piano and for instruments of wind and of rope.

Concerts for piano

Concerts for piano

At the beginning of the year 1784, Mozart is ready to verify if Vienna is the city of the piano as he had affirmed when he decided to finish with the situation of servitude that he was suffering in Salzburg. The first results give him immediately the account; between the last days of February and the first of April it touches twenty-two times in public and manages, for the concerts that he organizes himself, 174 subscribers.

Constance Weber

Constance Weber

In October, 1782, Mozart turns out to be forced to write a difficult letter to his father; it is already not a question of speaking about music, up to Salzburg there have come certain rumors related to his last affectionate worries. The letter is a pure strategy from beginning to end, Mozart knows that there is not going to like to his father the news that he has to communicate to him, and his only worry is how to count them so that everything should finish of the best way...

Vienna: May, 1781

Vienna: May, 1781

In the first days of May, 1781, Mozart settles in the house of the Weber. His work plan consists in “tener slightly a little surely to be able to live well, with help of the insecure thing ”. He gets up at six o'clock in the morning, composes from seven to nine and then it gives lessons. In the evening, if there is no concert, he writes, and if it is he tries to extract time after the concert to compose again, so that sometimes he goes to bed much late...

Again to the service of the archbishop (2)

Again to the service of the archbishop (2)

On March 16, 1781, Mozart enters the imperial city and settles in «a charming room in the same house where the archbishop lives». It is an honor that they not all have deserved, although, at the time of the lunch, too early for his taste, it has to sit down to the table with the servitude, and not even «his insignificance» enjoys preferable place together with the two helps of camera, two cooks and the confectioner.


More Notes
Again to the service of the archbishop (1)
Idomeneo
The versatile genius
The murder of Mozart, a story of love and of honor

To see Record




Brief

  • On February 17, 1653: Arcangelo Corelli, musician and Italian composer is born. Grosso contributed to the crystallization of the concerto. Author of numerous instrumental works (Concert of Christmas, The Follia, sonatas), father of the sonata for violin and inspirer of a group of composers of this instrument like Varacini, Germiniani and Viotti.

  • On February 13, 1883: Richard Wagner dies in Venice. Composer of German origin, renovator of the romantic opera. His inclination towards the music did not wake up up to knowing the works of Weber and Beethoven. After a life lax and invested in the game and the women, he married and traveled to Paris and then to Dresden, where his work was recognized. The transfer of his remains was comparable to the funeral procession of a big sovereign one.

  • On February 13, 1976: the soprano Lily Pons dies. A voice crystalline and extended towards the sharp one, joined a graceful figure and personal friendliness, they constitute the props of the formidable success of Lily Pons. An exceeded publicity helped to do of her almost a sacred monster of the singing; so much it was so in the decade of '40 went so far as to consider her to be the best singer of the world.

  • On February 12, 1924: there is released "Rhapsody In Blue" of George Gershwin. Gershwin managed to unite in this work three fundamental elements of the music of his country: the piano popular tradition, the harmonic treatment of the music of the theater of varieties and all the ambience of the African American blues.

  • On February 10, 1881: I release in Paris of "The Stories of Hoffmann" of Jacques Offenbach. The opera is an adaptation of Jules Barbier and Michel Carré of several stories of writer Ernst T.A. Hoffmann. The first one takes place with a mechanical doll, the second one with the victim of the conjuration of a magician, and the third one with a moribund sick person. The history begins with a prologue ambientado in a bar.


Appointments

  • Daniel Barenboim
    "The director does not have physical contact with the music that his instrumentalists produce and at most he can correct the phrasing or the rhythm of the score but his gesture does not exist if it does not find a band that is receiving"

  • George Gershwin
    "It would give everything what I have as a little of the genius that Schubert needed to compose his Ave Maria"

  • Gustav Mahler
    "When the work turns out to be a success, when a problem has been solved, we forget the difficulties and the perturbations and feel richly rewarded"

  • Franz Schubert
    "When one is inspired by something good, the musician is born fluently, the melodies sprout; really this is a big satisfaction"

  • Bedrich Smetana
    "With the help and the God's grace, I will be a Mozart in the composition and a Liszt in the skill"

MULTIMEDIA

  • The Sea

    Claude Debussy

  • Music for ropes, perc. and celesta

    Béla Bartók

  • Symphony 1 "Clásica"

    Sergei Prokofiev

  • The Coccinelle

    Cecilia Bartoli

Interpreters

Musicians

Astor Piazzolla

Astor Piazzolla

Piazzolla represents one of the rarest cases in which an author is unrolled of extraordinary form so much in the world of the popular music, with his tangos of Buenos Aires, as in that of the refined or classic music. Called symphonic tango created a new genre renewing this way of decisive form the tango. If it is considered that the work of Piazzolla begins in 1946 with The desbande and concludes in 1990, with Him grand tango and with Five tango sensations, that the same year records with the quartet of ropes Kronos, it is deduced that it covers 46 years, space in which it produced not less than eight hundred works.

Voices

Carlos Gardel

Carlos Gardel

Carlos Gardel is perhaps the biggest myth of the Argentina. His artistic skill, his incomparable talent as singer of the suburbs of Buenos Aires, his musical instinct to compose some of the biggest tangos of all the times, his marvelous character, his fanaticism for the careers, have led him to being equalled perhaps only by another legend of the country of the south of the Silver: Eva Perón. Nevertheless, while all political activity can be worth of objections, comments and mistrust on the part of certain sectors of the population, the figure of Carlos Gardel is erected as universally for all the Argentinians and the followers of the tango across the world.

Paris, on February 16

Juan José Mosalini: the soul of the bandoneón beats in Paris

The music and the dance of the River Plate came to the margins of the Seine more than one century ago, seducing the French, but Juan José Mosalini lives through the tango now a real explosion in France, of the hand of some of his contemporary teachers, like the bandoneonista. In an interview with the AFP in Paris, before traveling to Argentina, where it will offer two concerts, and from which it will set off then in the direction of China, Mosalini evoked "passionate and unconditional" relation between Paris and the tango and between he and the bandoneón, which came to his hands when it was a chiquilín.

Granada, on February 16

International festival tango Granada dedicates his XXII edition to Carlos Gardel

75 anniversary of the death of the singer and tanguista Carlos Gardel will lead XXII edition of the International Festival of Tango of Granada, which also will organize several parallel activities between which there are holidays of trasnoche, tango in the university or an exhibition. Between the artists who will take part in three forms of the festival - dance, set of instruments and sung - there is Leo Sujatovich, Cristian Zárate and the Japanese couple of dance Kyoto and Hiros Yamao.

Letters

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