The birth of the Cavalleria rusticana of Mascagni is part of the anecdotal almost mythical one of the history of the opera. Everything starts when the publisher Sonzogno decides to promote a contest between young composers for an opera of an hour of maximum duration. Between the received scores, it met that of Cavalleria rusticana. The mailing of the work was coming from Cerignola, a dark people of Italy of the south, where young Pietro Mascagni was looking for the life as it could, with few glory and many problems of money...
Throughout nine years Beethoven wrote Fidelio, checked it, wrote it again... It began the opera while it was outlining the Third symphony, finished it when it was beginning the Eighth one. An affinity, that of the composer with the musical, strong theater, but always difficult and problematic. And it does not have to surprise. Genre much more submitted than the set of instruments to codes and conventions.
The Lakmé world is the stage of the clash between a skeptical, aseptic and prosaic Europe and a religious, passionate, sensual and oneiric India; the battlefield between the colonizing potency represented by Gérald and Frédéric, and the rebel Nilakantha, father of the heroine. The Lakmé world is first of all the place where the sensualities of the white girl are in flower, Ellen, the fiancée of Gérald, and Lakmé, the priestess...
The war can be a discoveries source. Like that it was in case of Stendhal. Enrolado in the Napoleonic army, since it came to Italy in 1800, turned it into his new homeland of election and into stage of one of his biggest novels, The Carthusian order of Parma. His fascination over Italy was spreading to the music and the art. Big frequenter of the theaters of operas, hardened music lover, was a passionate advocate of Rossini, to whom he dedicated a biography in 1823.
On May 17, 1893 there took place the Parisian premiere of Pelléas et Mélisande, of Maurice Maeterlinck. It was represented exactly once, of matinée, and Debussy was between the public. It already knew the work, having read the edition published the previous year, and it was not the first piece of this playwright simbolista Belgian that was attracting attention of him.
The double Tannhauser premiere, in his versions of Dresden in 1845 and of Paris in 1861, was marked in both cases by scandals and defeats that little have to do with the music of Richard Wagner (something that accompanies, up to today, the composer). Dresden, nicknamed the Florence of the Elba, the capital of Saxony, can presume of a culture if more brilliant than Vienna at least the same way lasting, and it tries it there might be the Staatskapelle, the most ancient band of Europe...
Norm was released in the Theater of the Scala, on December 26, 1831. Considering the quality of the work, and the enormous success of his previous premieres in Milan, Bellini had good reasons to wait for another victory. It was not like that, and in the first moment of big disappointment the proud young man (he was thirty years old) would write: "Fiasco! Fiasco! The most finished fiasco! To tell truth, the public have been severe, seem that have come more that for me judge"
This his opera "Otello" was happening in the World, to cultural level, political and social, while Giuseppe Verdi was releasing in the Theater there Scala of Milan, on February 5, 1887. They all had come to listen to the composer, who was returning to the theater after fourteen years of silence. It was an epoch represented by the current of the realism and the poetic art of the simbolistas. In the Italy of Verdi a literary movement named "realism" is born...
Don Juan is already a myth when it comes to the century of the Enlightenment. The times have changed: Kant publishes his Answer to the question: What is the Enlightenment? and the philosopher Moses Mendelssohn, grandfather of the composer Félix, answers him with another question: About the question: What is the Enlightenment? A freedom wind covers Europe: while Prussia liberates the serfs, Luis XVI, king of France, it summons the General States...
For France, the decade from 1870 to 1880 was a period of big artistic activity and of big political events. It began with the Prussian troops threatening Paris in a war, Franco-Prusiana of 1870, which would finish Napoleón III and to his debilitated empire giving place to the birth of III Republic, which nevertheless would take still some time in settling of right plenary meeting.
"I have spent these years of the war depending on persons to whom hate, chained, sick, stingy, resigned and, in fact, humiliated under a horrible chief (a stupid borrachazo!). All these years of suffering as level, humiliated soldier were so horrible that today, when literally I am freezing, without anything with what to live, I am happy compared with those days"... There are no words of the ill-fated soldier Wozzeck but of the same Alban Berg, victim, although survivor, of the first world war.
On February 17, 1653: Arcangelo Corelli, musician and Italian composer is born. Grosso contributed to the crystallization of the concerto. Author of numerous instrumental works (Concert of Christmas, The Follia, sonatas), father of the sonata for violin and inspirer of a group of composers of this instrument like Varacini, Germiniani and Viotti.
On February 13, 1883: Richard Wagner dies in Venice. Composer of German origin, renovator of the romantic opera. His inclination towards the music did not wake up up to knowing the works of Weber and Beethoven. After a life lax and invested in the game and the women, he married and traveled to Paris and then to Dresden, where his work was recognized. The transfer of his remains was comparable to the funeral procession of a big sovereign one.
On February 13, 1976: the soprano Lily Pons dies. A voice crystalline and extended towards the sharp one, joined a graceful figure and personal friendliness, they constitute the props of the formidable success of Lily Pons. An exceeded publicity helped to do of her almost a sacred monster of the singing; so much it was so in the decade of '40 went so far as to consider her to be the best singer of the world.
On February 12, 1924: there is released "Rhapsody In Blue" of George Gershwin. Gershwin managed to unite in this work three fundamental elements of the music of his country: the piano popular tradition, the harmonic treatment of the music of the theater of varieties and all the ambience of the African American blues.
On February 10, 1881: I release in Paris of "The Stories of Hoffmann" of Jacques Offenbach. The opera is an adaptation of Jules Barbier and Michel Carré of several stories of writer Ernst T.A. Hoffmann. The first one takes place with a mechanical doll, the second one with the victim of the conjuration of a magician, and the third one with a moribund sick person. The history begins with a prologue ambientado in a bar.
"The director does not have physical contact with the music that his instrumentalists produce and at most he can correct the phrasing or the rhythm of the score but his gesture does not exist if it does not find a band that is receiving"
"It would give everything what I have as a little of the genius that Schubert needed to compose his Ave Maria"
"When the work turns out to be a success, when a problem has been solved, we forget the difficulties and the perturbations and feel richly rewarded"
"When one is inspired by something good, the musician is born fluently, the melodies sprout; really this is a big satisfaction"
"With the help and the God's grace, I will be a Mozart in the composition and a Liszt in the skill"
Piazzolla represents one of the rarest cases in which an author is unrolled of extraordinary form so much in the world of the popular music, with his tangos of Buenos Aires, as in that of the refined or classic music. Called symphonic tango created a new genre renewing this way of decisive form the tango. If it is considered that the work of Piazzolla begins in 1946 with The desbande and concludes in 1990, with Him grand tango and with Five tango sensations, that the same year records with the quartet of ropes Kronos, it is deduced that it covers 46 years, space in which it produced not less than eight hundred works.
Carlos Gardel is perhaps the biggest myth of the Argentina. His artistic skill, his incomparable talent as singer of the suburbs of Buenos Aires, his musical instinct to compose some of the biggest tangos of all the times, his marvelous character, his fanaticism for the careers, have led him to being equalled perhaps only by another legend of the country of the south of the Silver: Eva Perón. Nevertheless, while all political activity can be worth of objections, comments and mistrust on the part of certain sectors of the population, the figure of Carlos Gardel is erected as universally for all the Argentinians and the followers of the tango across the world.
The music and the dance of the River Plate came to the margins of the Seine more than one century ago, seducing the French, but Juan José Mosalini lives through the tango now a real explosion in France, of the hand of some of his contemporary teachers, like the bandoneonista. In an interview with the AFP in Paris, before traveling to Argentina, where it will offer two concerts, and from which it will set off then in the direction of China, Mosalini evoked "passionate and unconditional" relation between Paris and the tango and between he and the bandoneón, which came to his hands when it was a chiquilín.
75 anniversary of the death of the singer and tanguista Carlos Gardel will lead XXII edition of the International Festival of Tango of Granada, which also will organize several parallel activities between which there are holidays of trasnoche, tango in the university or an exhibition. Between the artists who will take part in three forms of the festival - dance, set of instruments and sung - there is Leo Sujatovich, Cristian Zárate and the Japanese couple of dance Kyoto and Hiros Yamao.
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