On Wednesday, February 17, 2010

Classic and Opera | Composers

Giovanni Battista Pergolesi

Giovanni Battista Pergolesi

To die at the age of 26 and across the centuries to keep on occupying an honorable place in the history of the music is a little that it is only within reach of a genius. Giovanni Battista Pergolesi it was. His Stabat mater for feminine voices proves it; also some of his comical operas, with which it turned into one of the most important figures of the early history of this genre. In last century studies worthy of gratitude have been done on his life and his work. Although it worked of equal way the opera would be like the comic, it is in the latter subgenre in which he stood out, especially in the interval The serva padrona.

The real name of the family was Draghi, but his name been Pergolesi, «those of Pergola», where Giovanni Battista was born on January 4, 1710. It finished in Naples the studies begun in his hometown and there the composer's career began simultaneously. In 1732 he wrote, in memory of the earthquake that had just happened, a mass for ten voices. On the following year it composed a serious opera (II prigioniero superbo), in which it included, in accordance with the taste of the epoch, a comical intermezzo in two parts; and this small comedy (The serva padrona) assured the immortality to him in the opera theater. He wanted the destination that his name was turning into war-cry during the gestation of the French comical opera. About her the violent struggles developed in Paris between "bufonistas" and "antibufonistas", that is to say, between followers of the Neapolitan comic opera and a French comical opera still without creating. But long time ago that Pergolesi had died.

Almost all his remaining operas have forgotten. Anyhow, his comedy has appeared again successfully in the German ambience (in 1962) for two personages Il gelosa schernito. Pergolesi, seriously fell ill already with tuberculosis, moved back in 1735 to a Pozzuoli monastery. There it finished the Stabat mater and died on March 16, 1736.

The serva padrona

The work was released in Naples on August 28, 1733. The content? Uberto Pandolphe, an old confirmed bachelor, is tired of his servant, authoritarian one although very nice, and he wants to flee of his tyranny marrying it with the one who is, but when the serva Serpina feigns that he will marry (with the depositor «captain Tempesta«, a soldier who puts fear, although it is not different that the disguised servant of the house), Pandolphe shakes and offers to the «poor creature» its own hand, what by no means is the worst solution.
This insignificant argument gave for two brief scenes in which Pergolesi divided his intermezzo based on the libretto of Gennaro Antonio Federico. Only there are two singers, since "captain Tempesta" only gesticulates. The music is intense, melodious, ingenious and comical. The one who makes ingenuousness sufficient, and it seems as if this was the strange case of many persons of our epoch, he will enjoy this small work.

More Notes
Jacques Offenbach
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Carl Maria von Weber
Niccoló Paganini
Frédéric Chopin

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  • On February 17, 1653: Arcangelo Corelli, musician and Italian composer is born. Grosso contributed to the crystallization of the concerto. Author of numerous instrumental works (Concert of Christmas, The Follia, sonatas), father of the sonata for violin and inspirer of a group of composers of this instrument like Varacini, Germiniani and Viotti.

  • On February 13, 1883: Richard Wagner dies in Venice. Composer of German origin, renovator of the romantic opera. His inclination towards the music did not wake up up to knowing the works of Weber and Beethoven. After a life lax and invested in the game and the women, he married and traveled to Paris and then to Dresden, where his work was recognized. The transfer of his remains was comparable to the funeral procession of a big sovereign one.

  • On February 13, 1976: the soprano Lily Pons dies. A voice crystalline and extended towards the sharp one, joined a graceful figure and personal friendliness, they constitute the props of the formidable success of Lily Pons. An exceeded publicity helped to do of her almost a sacred monster of the singing; so much it was so in the decade of '40 went so far as to consider her to be the best singer of the world.

  • On February 12, 1924: there is released "Rhapsody In Blue" of George Gershwin. Gershwin managed to unite in this work three fundamental elements of the music of his country: the piano popular tradition, the harmonic treatment of the music of the theater of varieties and all the ambience of the African American blues.

  • On February 10, 1881: I release in Paris of "The Stories of Hoffmann" of Jacques Offenbach. The opera is an adaptation of Jules Barbier and Michel Carré of several stories of writer Ernst T.A. Hoffmann. The first one takes place with a mechanical doll, the second one with the victim of the conjuration of a magician, and the third one with a moribund sick person. The history begins with a prologue ambientado in a bar.


  • Daniel Barenboim
    "The director does not have physical contact with the music that his instrumentalists produce and at most he can correct the phrasing or the rhythm of the score but his gesture does not exist if it does not find a band that is receiving"

  • George Gershwin
    "It would give everything what I have as a little of the genius that Schubert needed to compose his Ave Maria"

  • Gustav Mahler
    "When the work turns out to be a success, when a problem has been solved, we forget the difficulties and the perturbations and feel richly rewarded"

  • Franz Schubert
    "When one is inspired by something good, the musician is born fluently, the melodies sprout; really this is a big satisfaction"

  • Bedrich Smetana
    "With the help and the God's grace, I will be a Mozart in the composition and a Liszt in the skill"


  • Symphony 1 "Titanium"

    Gustav Mahler

  • Vile Cortigiani razza dannata

    Leo Nucci (Rigoletto)

  • I give the factotum

    Gioacchino Rossini

  • Glory all' Egitto, ad Iside

    Band and Choir of the Scala of Milan - Lorin Maazel



Astor Piazzolla

Astor Piazzolla

Piazzolla represents one of the rarest cases in which an author is unrolled of extraordinary form so much in the world of the popular music, with his tangos of Buenos Aires, as in that of the refined or classic music. Called symphonic tango created a new genre renewing this way of decisive form the tango. If it is considered that the work of Piazzolla begins in 1946 with The desbande and concludes in 1990, with Him grand tango and with Five tango sensations, that the same year records with the quartet of ropes Kronos, it is deduced that it covers 46 years, space in which it produced not less than eight hundred works.


Carlos Gardel

Carlos Gardel

Carlos Gardel is perhaps the biggest myth of the Argentina. His artistic skill, his incomparable talent as singer of the suburbs of Buenos Aires, his musical instinct to compose some of the biggest tangos of all the times, his marvelous character, his fanaticism for the careers, have led him to being equalled perhaps only by another legend of the country of the south of the Silver: Eva Perón. Nevertheless, while all political activity can be worth of objections, comments and mistrust on the part of certain sectors of the population, the figure of Carlos Gardel is erected as universally for all the Argentinians and the followers of the tango across the world.

Paris, on February 16

Juan José Mosalini: the soul of the bandoneón beats in Paris

The music and the dance of the River Plate came to the margins of the Seine more than one century ago, seducing the French, but Juan José Mosalini lives through the tango now a real explosion in France, of the hand of some of his contemporary teachers, like the bandoneonista. In an interview with the AFP in Paris, before traveling to Argentina, where it will offer two concerts, and from which it will set off then in the direction of China, Mosalini evoked "passionate and unconditional" relation between Paris and the tango and between he and the bandoneón, which came to his hands when it was a chiquilín.

Granada, on February 16

International festival tango Granada dedicates his XXII edition to Carlos Gardel

75 anniversary of the death of the singer and tanguista Carlos Gardel will lead XXII edition of the International Festival of Tango of Granada, which also will organize several parallel activities between which there are holidays of trasnoche, tango in the university or an exhibition. Between the artists who will take part in three forms of the festival - dance, set of instruments and sung - there is Leo Sujatovich, Cristian Zárate and the Japanese couple of dance Kyoto and Hiros Yamao.


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