On Wednesday, February 17, 2010

Interpreters | Singers

Maria Callas

Maria Callas

Maria Callas, whose real name was Cecilia Sophia Anna Maria Kalogeropoulou, was born in the city of New York on December 2, 1923 as daughter of a few Greek emigrants. It did his début in The Scala of Milan in 1950 with the Aida representation. His first appearance in New York was in 1956 representing the opera Norm of Bellini, a role that turned into his specialty. You are quiet it was always very interested in revitalizing those operas that had been forgotten, representing works forgotten Gluck, Haydn and Spontini.

Maria Callas did his début in 1941 with the Coarse work of Puccini in the Opera of Athens, a role that it would play in numerous occasions, and with which a quarter of century initiated his farewell later. He was singing in Athens for several years before realizing his Italian début with Gioconda de Ponchielli in Verona in the year 1947. This production of The Gioconda was directed by Tullio Serafin, who turned into his musical mentor.

In the first days of his career, Maria Callas represented a big variety of the repertoire, including strong roles as Isolda in the opera wagneriana Tristan und Isolde, but at once he forgot these roles to concentrate on the Italian operas, particularly in the bel canto with works of Rossini, Bellini, Donizetti and the first Verdi.

In 1949, Maria Callas met Giovanni Meneghini whom he married. Giovanni Meneghini along with Tullio Serafin they guided his career. They were ten married years.

It did his début in The Scala of Milan in 1950 with the Aida representation. His first appearance in New York was in 1956 representing the opera of Bellini Norma, a role that turned into his specialty.

Maria Callas was always very interested in revitalizing those operas that had been forgotten, representing works forgotten Cherubini, Gluck, Haydn and Spontini. It worked with some of the most important stage managers and band of the moment, standing out Luchino Visconti, Leonard Bernstein, Carlo Maria Giulini and Herbert von Karajan. Also it developed a big musical relation with singers' big quantity, principally with the tenor Giuseppe di Stefano and the baritone Tito Gobbi, appearing with a lot of frequency in scene and in recordings. Maria Callas was extremely self-critical and temperamental as what it had frequent disputes with businessmen and the directors of the theaters.

In 1959, Maria Callas met the Greek shipowner Aristotle Onassis, leaving his husband Giovanni Meneghini. It had a brief retirement during this relation but when it returned again to scene, his voice was demonstrating decay signs. In 1965, it realized his last operatic representation with Coarse in Covent Garden of London. In this moment he was 41 years old. Three years later, Aristotle Onassis left Maria Callas for Jacqueline Kennedy.

During the last decade of his life, she lived practically imprisoned in Paris. Stefano realized small appearances with di and it gave a series of main classes in Juilliard School of New York between the year 1971 and 1972. He died in Paris on September 16, 1977. The cause of his death was never completely certain.


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  • On February 17, 1653: Arcangelo Corelli, musician and Italian composer is born. Grosso contributed to the crystallization of the concerto. Author of numerous instrumental works (Concert of Christmas, The Follia, sonatas), father of the sonata for violin and inspirer of a group of composers of this instrument like Varacini, Germiniani and Viotti.

  • On February 13, 1883: Richard Wagner dies in Venice. Composer of German origin, renovator of the romantic opera. His inclination towards the music did not wake up up to knowing the works of Weber and Beethoven. After a life lax and invested in the game and the women, he married and traveled to Paris and then to Dresden, where his work was recognized. The transfer of his remains was comparable to the funeral procession of a big sovereign one.

  • On February 13, 1976: the soprano Lily Pons dies. A voice crystalline and extended towards the sharp one, joined a graceful figure and personal friendliness, they constitute the props of the formidable success of Lily Pons. An exceeded publicity helped to do of her almost a sacred monster of the singing; so much it was so in the decade of '40 went so far as to consider her to be the best singer of the world.

  • On February 12, 1924: there is released "Rhapsody In Blue" of George Gershwin. Gershwin managed to unite in this work three fundamental elements of the music of his country: the piano popular tradition, the harmonic treatment of the music of the theater of varieties and all the ambience of the African American blues.

  • On February 10, 1881: I release in Paris of "The Stories of Hoffmann" of Jacques Offenbach. The opera is an adaptation of Jules Barbier and Michel Carré of several stories of writer Ernst T.A. Hoffmann. The first one takes place with a mechanical doll, the second one with the victim of the conjuration of a magician, and the third one with a moribund sick person. The history begins with a prologue ambientado in a bar.


  • Daniel Barenboim
    "The director does not have physical contact with the music that his instrumentalists produce and at most he can correct the phrasing or the rhythm of the score but his gesture does not exist if it does not find a band that is receiving"

  • George Gershwin
    "It would give everything what I have as a little of the genius that Schubert needed to compose his Ave Maria"

  • Gustav Mahler
    "When the work turns out to be a success, when a problem has been solved, we forget the difficulties and the perturbations and feel richly rewarded"

  • Franz Schubert
    "When one is inspired by something good, the musician is born fluently, the melodies sprout; really this is a big satisfaction"

  • Bedrich Smetana
    "With the help and the God's grace, I will be a Mozart in the composition and a Liszt in the skill"


  • Fantasy for a gentleman

    Joaquín Rodrigo

  • Spanish caprice

    Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov

  • You dance polovtsianas

    Alexander Borodin

  • Pagliacci

    Ruggero Leoncavallo



Astor Piazzolla

Astor Piazzolla

Piazzolla represents one of the rarest cases in which an author is unrolled of extraordinary form so much in the world of the popular music, with his tangos of Buenos Aires, as in that of the refined or classic music. Called symphonic tango created a new genre renewing this way of decisive form the tango. If it is considered that the work of Piazzolla begins in 1946 with The desbande and concludes in 1990, with Him grand tango and with Five tango sensations, that the same year records with the quartet of ropes Kronos, it is deduced that it covers 46 years, space in which it produced not less than eight hundred works.


Carlos Gardel

Carlos Gardel

Carlos Gardel is perhaps the biggest myth of the Argentina. His artistic skill, his incomparable talent as singer of the suburbs of Buenos Aires, his musical instinct to compose some of the biggest tangos of all the times, his marvelous character, his fanaticism for the careers, have led him to being equalled perhaps only by another legend of the country of the south of the Silver: Eva Perón. Nevertheless, while all political activity can be worth of objections, comments and mistrust on the part of certain sectors of the population, the figure of Carlos Gardel is erected as universally for all the Argentinians and the followers of the tango across the world.

Paris, on February 16

Juan José Mosalini: the soul of the bandoneón beats in Paris

The music and the dance of the River Plate came to the margins of the Seine more than one century ago, seducing the French, but Juan José Mosalini lives through the tango now a real explosion in France, of the hand of some of his contemporary teachers, like the bandoneonista. In an interview with the AFP in Paris, before traveling to Argentina, where it will offer two concerts, and from which it will set off then in the direction of China, Mosalini evoked "passionate and unconditional" relation between Paris and the tango and between he and the bandoneón, which came to his hands when it was a chiquilín.

Granada, on February 16

International festival tango Granada dedicates his XXII edition to Carlos Gardel

75 anniversary of the death of the singer and tanguista Carlos Gardel will lead XXII edition of the International Festival of Tango of Granada, which also will organize several parallel activities between which there are holidays of trasnoche, tango in the university or an exhibition. Between the artists who will take part in three forms of the festival - dance, set of instruments and sung - there is Leo Sujatovich, Cristian Zárate and the Japanese couple of dance Kyoto and Hiros Yamao.


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